The second enhanced version seems to suggest that in every learning situation, the learning process involving the learner should move consciously through every stage of the cycle.
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However, this may be found contrary to practical reality and experience which show significant preferences for one or more of the stages over others and that not all learners are well grounded in all stages of the cycle. Although some learners may positively or negatively dislike one or some of the stages, there is nothing to prove or indicate that such preference systems make learners better or worse than one another.
Relevant and directly aligned to each stage of the learning cycle, Honey and Mumford identified four different preferential methods in which people prefer to learn, namely; Activist, Reflector, Theorist and Pragmatist. People tend to operate in just one or in a combination of these modes depending on the degree of preferences, because rather than being fixed characteristics, these are assumed to be acquired characteristics adaptable either through evolved circumstances or at will. Honey and Mumford also found:. Activists tend to prefer being proactively involved and dominated by imminent and new experiences with a philosophy of wanting to give a go at anything at least once.
This consumes their days with activity and problems are usually tackled through brainstorming. Honey and Mumford also suggests that activists are busy looking for another activity once the short bursts of excitement from one has sedated. Apparently according to Honey and Mumford , activists are bored with implementation and longer-term consolidation processes and are least productive in learning from passive situations centred on concept or theory that may include the likes of watching and listening to lectures or reading, but rather tend to thrive on and relish the challenge of new experiences.
One may argue however, that this element of interest does in fact involve implementation however short-termist it may be, so perhaps it is long-term implementation that activist dislike, but can tolerate short-term as long as it serves their needs of interest and preferences. Activists also prefer not to review their learning achievements and opportunities and dislike situations requiring detailed preparation, solitary work or repetitive tasks.
Reflectors prefer to stand back, listen, observe and ponder on experiences from various perspectives, and learn best when doing this. This process usually involves collecting information either first-hand or from others to be thoroughly thought through from every possible angle before coming to any definite conclusions, comments or actions.
As a result, characteristics traits present in reflectors include postponing outcomes as long as possible; always exercising caution, whilst watching other people in action preferring to occupy a back seat in discussions and meetings, always thinking before speaking, adapting a low profile and possessing a slightly tolerant, distant and unruffled aura.
Honey and Mumford suggests reflectors are weaker in learning when rushed into things without time to plan or with inadequate data, when pushed into role play duties like chairing a meeting. Theorists as learners enjoy analysing and synthesising; by combining and converting distinct facts and observations into comprehensive logical theories. Theorists are said to learn best when presented with a concept theory, system or model irrespective of the potential distance from reality associated with such application.
This philosophy relishes logic and rationality.
Learning Style - Essay Example
Honey and Mumford state that theorists enjoy being intellectually challenged; preferring to work with structure, a clear purpose, and being allowed to:. Theorists are said to usually think things through in a well structured and logical manner with high perfectionist tendencies; restless unless and until things fit well into a rational scheme or sequence.
Characteristic of this learning preference is keen interest on principles, theories, models, assumptions and systems thinking, and detached, analytical and dedicated to rational objectivity in nature. Anything flippant, subjective in judgement, ambiguous and lateral in thinking, tend to be of discomfort to theorists, who are weaker in learning when:.
This is a feat in slight contrast with reflectors and theorists.
Understanding Of Learning Styles Education Essay
Pragmatists are said to positively and perhaps proactively search out new ideas and relish opportunities to experiment with applications. They enjoy getting on with things, making practical decisions and solving problems, and are confident and decisive when acting on ideas proving attractive. Such attitude can be easily perceived as positivist and optimist in mentality or way of thinking.
Honey and Mumford suggests that pragmatists are best at learning when there is a clear link between their current job or team role and what is being learnt the subject matter. They are said to enjoy exposure to processes or techniques clearly practical in nature with immediate relevance where there is a high probability for an opportunity to exist for implementation.
Additionally, there are options now available at least consciously where learning styles can be developed in order to expand the range skills available for learning purposes. Among other criticisms by Smith worth mentioning is the fact that cultural conditions and experiences are not at all considered and acknowledged, not to mention the subjective perhaps pre-judgemental and weak empirical evidence it relies on for diagnosis. These were noticed and considered upon critical reflection of critical incidents aided by the utilisation of a learning log which kept track of how I was managing my learning.
Consciously and deliberately, time was taken out to focus on my performance during the course; as is the emphasis of this essay. The objective of this is to review thoughts that led to specific actions, outcomes, and lessons learnt from experience in order to be well equipped and informed for future practice; weaknesses could be developed and repeated mistakes avoided. A list of the major learning styles , including o a brief description of each o similarities and differences between various styles?
What you learned about yourself? How you think your learning style affects your education? Why it is important to understand learning styles when developing adult education and training Include at least three sources in your paper. Along with my survey results I copied and paste some information that might be helpful in completing the paper.
Excerpt From Essay :.
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Include the following: a Provide a summary of your learning style. Once you have determined your preferred learning style , review the corresponding link to view your learning preference.
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Compare your preferred learning strategies to the identified srategies for your learning style. Appraise how this will change your way of stuying, if any. In a paper , words , summarise your analysis of this exercise. Provide a summary of your learning style. List your preferred learning srategies. When studying for a test, they prefer to read out loud, replay lectures, or have someone ask them questions while they answer out loud.
They like to act things out. A great strategy for them is to make study notes and write down the subject matter when preparing for a presentation or studying for a test. Your child employs all three styles, but they probably have a dominant one. Here are four steps to turn this potential weakness into a strength:. First, determine their preferred style. There are many online tests for this but consider this simple question: When your child has trouble spelling a word, do they:.
There are many other cues. For example, at the mall, do they prefer observing things, talking to people or running around? When your child was young, did they prefer picture books, books with words or books with exercises, such as crossword puzzles?
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