Essay on Alcoholism, Drug Addiction and Crime ( Words)
Important Phone Numbers. Top of the page. Topic Overview For many young people, using alcohol, drugs, or other substances like cigarettes is just part of growing up. What happens when young people use alcohol or drugs? What substances do young people use? Alcohol The leading cause of death for young people is car crashes related to alcohol. Cannabis Cannabis marijuana can affect young people's ability to think, learn, reason, remember, and solve problems.
Cocaine Cocaine can cause abnormal heartbeats , which may cause a deadly heart attack, seizure, or stroke. Other substances Other substances young people use include: Inhalants glues, aerosol sprays, gasoline, paints, and paint thinners. These are some of the substances most frequently used by junior high students, because they don't cost much and are easy to get. They contain poisons that can harm the brain.
They can also damage the liver, kidneys, blood, or bone marrow. These drugs are often used at all-night dances, raves, or trances. The number of young people using these drugs is small compared with those using cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana. But these drugs can be dangerous, especially in overdose or when combined with alcohol or other drugs. Some of these drugs can cause a person to have trouble breathing, to pass out, or to be conscious but unable to move.
Some of them can also lead to thought and memory problems, anxiety, depression, overdose, and date rape. Methamphetamine commonly called meth, crank, or speed. Methamphetamine can cause seizures; stroke; serious mental health issues, including paranoia, hallucinations, and delusions; and long-term health problems. Serious and lasting problems such as psychosis or hallucinogenic flashbacks can occur after a young person uses LSD.
Opioids , such as heroin , morphine, and codeine. Young people who are dependent on these drugs may steal, prostitute themselves, or resort to other dangerous or illegal behaviour to buy drugs. Some of these drugs can cause lung problems, harm the liver and kidneys, cause infections like hepatitis and HIV if the person uses shared injection equipment and fluids, and lead to overdose.
Prescription drugs , such as diazepam for example, Valium and methylphenidate Ritalin. Young people misuse these drugs as well as non-prescription medicines such as cough syrups and cold pills to get high. Anabolic steroids , which young people use to build muscle tissue and decrease body fat. Steroids can cause liver cancer and increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. Energy drinks, such as Red Bull, Monster, or Rockstar. Many young people consume these drinks to help them stay awake, feel more energized, and perform better in school and sports. These drinks contain high levels of caffeine and other stimulants, which can cause anxiety, abnormal heartbeats, high blood pressure, dehydration, and other serious problems.
When energy drinks are combined with alcohol or drugs, the effects can be even more harmful. For example, many young people mistakenly think that stimulants such as caffeine can undo the effects of alcohol or sober them up before driving, but this is not the case. So they may drink more than they normally would have, and be more likely to engage in risky behaviours such as drinking and driving. They may want to: Fit in with friends or certain groups.
Be social and have fun. Feel good. Seem more grown up. Rebel against parents. Escape problems. For example, they may use a substance to try to: Get rid of symptoms of mental health issues such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD or depression. Ease feelings of insecurity. Forget about physical or sexual abuse. Health Risks of Alcohol and Drug Use When young people use alcohol or drugs, they may be putting their health and safety at risk. Young people's risk of harm increases with: Each drink that they have or drug that they use. How often and for how long they drink or use drugs , whether they use these substances only now and then or on a more regular basis.
The type and strength of the drug used. Different drugs harm the body in different ways. How they use alcohol or drugs. If they smoke a drug or inject it into a vein, they are more likely to overdose and become dependent on the drug than if they swallowed it. If they share needles, syringes, and other equipment such as cookers, cotton, cocaine spoons, or eyedroppers , they are more likely to get hepatitis, HIV, or other serious infections.
If they combine alcohol with drugs, they are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviours and have serious health problems. The use of alcohol with drugs may increase the effects of each. Alcohol or drug use can: Make car crashes more likely. If young people drink and drive, or if they drive while they are high, they can easily hurt themselves or others. This can lead to pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections , including HIV.
Increase the risk of injury and death. Cause young people to do things they wouldn't usually do. They may say things that hurt their friends or do something illegal that could result in paying a large fine, losing your driver's licence, or other legal problems. Affect schoolwork and cause young people to lose interest in school and their future. Poor grades or lack of focus may make it harder for them to reach their dreams. Change how young people feel about their life. It can lead to depression and suicide.
Drugs Alcohol Essay
Cause mood swings and affect young people's sleep and their ability to think, learn, reason, remember, and solve problems. Harm many organs and systems in the body, such as the liver, pancreas, heart, brain, and nervous system. Cause some cancers. Cause harm to a developing baby fetus if alcohol or drugs are used during pregnancy.
Change in appearance Less attention paid to dressing and grooming Loss of appetite or unexplained weight loss Red and glassy eyes and frequent use of eyedrops and breath mints Change in behaviour Decreased attendance and performance at school Loss of interest in school, sports, or other activities Newly developed secrecy, or deceptive or sneaky behaviour Withdrawal from family and friends New friends, and reluctance to introduce them Lying or stealing Change in attitude Disrespectful behaviour A mood or attitude that is getting worse Lack of concern about the future It's important to remember that drugs can include more than illegal drugs.
What should you do if you find out that your child is using alcohol or drugs? When talking with your child about alcohol or drug use: Ask about use. Find out what substances your child has tried, what effects the substances had, and how he or she feels about substance use. Listen carefully to what your child liked about using the substance and why. Share concerns.
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Talk about your concerns, not only about your child's alcohol or drug use but also about other problems that may be going on, such as problems at school or with friends. Review expectations. Talk with your child about family rules concerning substance use and what might happen when rules are broken.
Finding the Right Care for Your Child Keep in mind that most young people who use alcohol or drugs don't develop a substance use problem. Some treatment approaches may involve: Outpatient or inpatient care to help young people cut back on or stop using alcohol or drugs. These programs provide education and individual, family, and group counselling.
They may also provide medical care to help reduce cravings for alcohol or drugs and manage withdrawal symptoms. Counselling that helps young people to: Learn to change the thoughts and actions that make them more likely to use alcohol or drugs. A counsellor teaches them ways to deal with cravings and cut back on or stop using alcohol or drugs. This is called cognitive-behavioural therapy. Resolve mixed feelings about cutting back on or stopping alcohol or drugs and getting treatment.
A counsellor helps them find personal motivation to change. This is called motivational interviewing. Set goals on how to cut back on or stop using alcohol or drugs. This is done in short counselling sessions, called brief intervention therapy. Identify talents and strengths. These can be used to find healthy interests, hobbies, and jobs. Learn ways to say "no" when someone offers them alcohol or drugs. In-home medical care. In some provinces, young people may be able to get medical care at home to help reduce cravings for alcohol and manage withdrawal symptoms.
They can help reduce cravings for alcohol or drugs and manage withdrawal symptoms. Prevention Strategies Young people who don't use alcohol, drugs, or cigarettes are less likely to have problems with them as adults. Be a role model, and stay connected Be a role model. As a parent, your attitude toward alcohol, drugs, or cigarettes is one of the greatest influences on whether your child will use these substances.
If you have a substance use problem, get help. If you quit, your child is more likely to get help early if he or she starts using a substance. Share your beliefs. Even though they may not act like it, most children listen to what their parents tell them.
Talk with your child about the effects of substances on emotions, schoolwork, and health. If you have a family history of substance use problems, talk with your child about his or her increased risk for the same problems. Stay connected. Know who your child's friends and the friends' parents are. Know where your child is at all times and what your child does in his or her spare time. This doesn't mean you should grill or nag your child. Instead, show interest and demonstrate that you care about his or her general well-being. Set times when the family is expected to be together, such as at mealtimes.
Plan family outings or other family fun activities. Be fair and consistent. Set firm, fair, and consistent limits for your child. Help him or her understand the immediate and long-term effects of substance use, such as falling grades and poor health. Encourage activities. Keep your child busy with meaningful activities, such as sports, church programs, or other group involvement.
Children who feel good about themselves are less likely to use alcohol and drugs. Get informed. Learn about the substances commonly used by young people. Find out how the drugs work, what their street names are, and what the signs of being under the influence are. Talk about personal and legal consequences Personal consequences.
Explain that some behaviours, such as unsafe sex, can lead to problems that last a lifetime. Talk about how the use of substances while trying to develop adult skills—graduating from high school, going to college, getting a job—can affect your child's future.
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Legal consequences. Remind your child that it is illegal for him or her to purchase and use illegal drugs. It's also illegal for your child to purchase alcohol if he or she is under the legal drinking age. Talk about the increased risk of car crashes, violence, and arrests because of substance use. Harm-Reduction Strategies It's important for young people to remember that drinking alcohol or using drugs isn't risk-free.
Ways to reduce harm from substance use Reducing harm from any substance: Avoid risky situations and activities. Don't drink or get high and drive, and don't get in a car with a driver who has been drinking or using drugs. Make a plan to get home safely. For example, choose a designated driver, have money to pay for a taxi or bus fare, or call a loved one for a safe ride home. Don't take over-the-counter or prescription medicines that interact with alcohol. And don't take these medicines with illegal drugs or other harmful substances. Don't mix alcohol with illegal drugs or other harmful substances.
Be aware at all times of your surroundings and the people around you. Limit how much you use alcohol or other substances. The more you use, the greater the risk of getting sick, hurt, or in trouble. Reducing harm from alcohol Have a meal or a snack with a drink. Don't drink on an empty stomach.
Drink slowly. Don't have more than 2 standard drinks in any 3-hour period. Have a glass of water or non-alcoholic, caffeine-free beverage such as a soft drink or fruit juice between drinks. Reducing harm from drugs Don't share needles, syringes, and other equipment such as cookers, cotton, cocaine spoons, or eyedroppers with others if you use drugs.
Don't leave your beverage unattended or accept a drink from an open container. Helping someone who is using alcohol or drugs If you know someone who puts himself or herself in situations where risky drinking or drug use is going to occur such as at a bar or party , here are some things you can do to help reduce that person's risk of harm. You can: Take the person's car keys so he or she won't drive after drinking or while high on drugs.
Remove sharp objects and glassware from dance and party locations so the person won't hurt himself or herself or others.
This makes it the third leading preventable cause of death. Research shows that women who drink more alcohol than is recommended on a regular basis tend to develop liver disease, cardiomyopathy and nerve damage after fewer years than men who do the same. Of major concern is the number of young people who consume alcohol. Research suggests that 20 percent of college students meet the criteria for AUD, and the condition affects some , adolescents aged 12 to 17 years.
Alcohol can have a serious effect on the developing brain, from fetal development to the end of adolescence. If a woman consumes alcohol during pregnancy, the child may be born with fetal alcohol syndrome FAS. In , this was believed to affect between 2 and 7 newborns in every 1, Symptoms can be similar to those of ADHD. If a person consumes large amounts of alcohol regularly, their tolerance can increase, and the body requires more alcohol to achieve the desired effect.
As the body adapts to the presence of the drug, dependency and addiction can result. If consumption stops suddenly, the person may experience withdrawal symptoms. Alcohol addiction is a disease characterized by a strong craving for alcohol, and continued use despite a negative impact on health, interpersonal relationships, and ability to work.
If the person stops drinking, they will experience withdrawal symptoms. Signs and symptoms of withdrawal generally occur between 4 and 72 hours after the last drink or after reducing intake. They peak at about 48 hours and may last up to 5 days. Delirium tremens is a medical emergency. Anyone with an alcohol dependency disorder who desires to stop drinking should seek professional medical care or a treatment center specializing in safe alcohol detoxification.
The treatment of alcohol dependency involves a variety of interventions, and it requires medical, social, and family support. If anyone who is concerned about their own or a loved one's drinking habits, they can call or contact the following organizations for confidential help:. Alcohol poisoning occurs when someone consumes a toxic level of alcohol, usually in a short time. Symptoms are much, much more severe than those of…. In a large-scale study, links between alcohol use disorder and dementia are fleshed out.
The relationship is stronger than previously thought. This MNT Knowledge Centre article explains the symptoms and causes of hangovers and also offers some potential cures. Discover more here. A wide range of factors determines how the body responds to chronic heavy drinking. A single binge-drinking episode can result in significant harm….
Moderate drinking is defined as up to three alcoholic drinks a day for women, and four for men. It may have health benefits, but these are not…. What effects does alcohol have on health? Short-term effects Long-term effects Treatment Alcohol is the intoxicating ingredient that is present in wine, beer, and spirits. Fast facts about alcohol Pure alcohol is a colorless, odorless, and flammable liquid.
Fruits and grains are the foods most commonly used foods to make alcohol. Alcohol is the number one abused drug by minors in the U. The liver can only oxidize about one drink per hour. Alcohol is known to be harmful to developing brains, from before birth to adolescence. No amount of alcohol consumption can be considered safe during pregnancy.
Combined with other medications, whether over-the-counter OTC or prescribed, alcohol's effects can be deadly. Short-term effects. Motor skills are severely affected, and the person may vomit or feel nauseated. Over 10 0. Breathing rate is slow. Long-term effects.
Treatment for alcohol use disorder. Latest news Work and family demands may impact women's heart health. Scientists may be getting closer to creating a universal flu vaccine. Atrial fibrillation: Daily alcoholic drink riskier than binge drinking. Monkeys demonstrate more cognitive flexibility than humans. Home remedies to ease a hangover. Is amyl nitrite safe?go to site
The Influence of Alcohol and Drugs in Edgar Allen Poe Life
What to know about marijuana withdrawal. What is addiction? Related Coverage. What to know about alcohol poisoning Alcohol poisoning occurs when someone consumes a toxic level of alcohol, usually in a short time. Alcohol use disorder is a 'major risk factor' for dementia In a large-scale study, links between alcohol use disorder and dementia are fleshed out. How to cure a hangover This MNT Knowledge Centre article explains the symptoms and causes of hangovers and also offers some potential cures.
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